What is CBD?

Cannabidiol or CBD provides our bodies with multiple helpful effects. It is a totally natural substance that our body is familiar with from the breastfeeding period. This can be seen during infancy, where cannabinoids are passed to us through breast milk and are also produced by our own body. CBD is one of the many 140 known cannabinoids. Hemp Natur products contain a wide range of naturally occurring cannabinoids, which have recently been the subject of several scientific studies across Europe.

What’s the difference between CBD oil and “hemp oil”?

CBD oil is obtained through extraction from hemp shoot tips and covers the complete range of cannabinoids (140). While the term “hemp oil” is used for oil produced from industrial hemp seeds. For example, it is possible to extract 10ml of CBD from roughly 300L of conventional hemp oil.

Cannabinoids are a heterogeneous group of compounds, which means they have the common characteristic of being able to bind to cannabinoid receptors. They are divided into three groups, according to their origin:

Endocannabinoids: Occur in certain circumstances, in the bodies of vertebrates, including humans.
Phytocannabinoids: Found in plants (hemp, echinacea, herb-of-grace, some plant species from the Apiaceae and Brassica families).
Synthetic cannabinoids: Obtained in laboratories by chemical reactions.

Vir: Icanna Inštitut

Hemp cannabinoids act as the human body’s own ingredients:

Cannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors in the human body linked to an endogenous cannabinoid system (ECS). ECS is a crucial physiological system and is present in our body for the regulation and maintenance of health. What does it do? The principal objective of this system is to regulate a stable inner (cellular) environment (within our body) in a dynamic, ever-changing external environment. It aids immensely with the communication between cells, tissues and organs in our system, while simultaneously taking care of our immune system. It regulates important bodily functions such as sleep, appetite, reproduction, fertility, memory, as well as the protection and prevention of stress. This system acts as an internal emergency call system – when our nerves are overstimulated due to injury, stress, or ailment, there is an overflow of nerve impulses throughout our neurons, this increases the risk of cell burn-out, so this is when our system releases the cannabinoids, which in turn calms the nervous system. When the nerves are irritated, the nerve cells release endocannabinoids in order to calm the nervous system. Our body is capable to do this by itself on a small scale, but our endocannabinoid system is often exhausted or disrupted because it is unable to produce enough necessary endocannabinoids. Cannabinoids found in hemp (phytocannabinoids) are very similar to the endocannabinoids produced by our bodies. Hence, therefore plant cannabinoids are able to bind to the receptors in our endocannabinoid system – the body then recognises them as their own and does not reject them. That is how the phytocannabinoids can activate the processes within our body in place of the endocannabinoids. The healing properties of hemp are reflected in the regulation of many internal bodily processes – simply put, it’s self-medication.

Phytocannabinoids are planted cannabinoids, which in terms of their chemical structure are very similar to endocannabinoids which activate the same receptors in our body. Cannabinoids are present in multiple different plant species, most of them in hemp. The most well-known, analysed and commonly used in medicine are THC and CBD cannabinoids, although other cannabinoids (CBN, CBG, CBC …) show signs of massive potential as well. Studies have confirmed that plants which contain a wide array of cannabinoids, terpenes and similar biologically active and inactive substances, are the most effective, therefore, commonly described as having the “entourage” effect.

Synthetic cannabinoids are pure chemical compounds which are prepared in laboratories. Past experiences with the use of such synthetic cannabinoids, compared to natural forms of cannabinoids, is significantly less effective.